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5 Freight Elevator Types

Every elevator is classified according to its maximum capacity and the permitted loading and unloading procedures. In order to ensure safety and security, the loading classification must align with the elevator’s predetermined operation. If you are a property owner trying to decide what type of freight elevator is right for your building, check out the following overview of general freight classifications, motor vehicle loading, concentrated loading, and industrial truck loading elevators, to assist you with the decision.

Freight Elevator
Image Courtesy of The King of Construction

Class A

Most passenger elevators and general freight elevators are within Class A, “general freight loading.” This classification cannot meet the needs of a one-portion load weighing more than 25 percent of the elevator’s holding capacity. Freight is able to be packed and unpacked manually or with the use of a hand truck. When using a hand truck to unload or unpack, it’s weight has to be added as a part of the 25 percent loading limit. Standard elevators can support Class A loading, while other more vigorous forms of loading can strain and damage the elevator.

If you don’t know the loading class of a freight elevator, always treat it as a Class A elevator in order to prevent unsafe conditions resulting due to the use of hazardous loading methods.

Class B

Class B concerns freight elevators designed to transport motor vehicles. With the ability to transfer an automobile with a weight up to the loading capacity of the elevator itself, freight elevators belonging in this category are great for businesses that need to transport cars.

Class C1

Freight elevators in Class C1 enable one to use an industrial truck to pack or unpack the elevator. The truck can stay in the elevator while it is functioning but the total mass of the load and the truck cannot exceed the maximum capacity of the elevator itself.

Class C2

Class C2 permits loading amounts at the designated platform to reach up to 150 percent of the elevators confirmed capacity. A lift truck or a forklift may be used to load the elevator but unlike class C1 elevators, the loading device used during this process must be removed from the elevator prior to using it.

Class C3

Class C3 freight elevators are optimal for heavy concentration loading where weight throughout the process of unpacking and packing is not more than the load, meaning the total weight of the load as well as all equipment used to move the load cannot exceed the elevators confirmed holding capacity. Class C3 elevators are typically used to transfer loads with weights identical to the maximum capacity of the elevator itself.

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